EC Contract No. 033841

Open Source

(2002). Free/Libre and Open Source Software: Survey and Study
FLOSS FINAL REPORT International Institute of Infonomics, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands; Berlecon Research GmbH, Berlin, Germany.
Aigrain, P. (2003). The Individual and the Collective in Open Information Communities. the 16th BLED Electronic Commerce Conference . Slovenija.
Barcellini, F., F. Détienne, et al. (2005). Thematic coherence and quotation practices in Open Source Software design-oriented online discussions, INRIA, “Cognition and Cooperation in Design” team : 10.
Barnes, J. (July, 2003). Open Source Software as an organisational Technology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand: 19.

References for open source movement attached in the form of an Endnote file. This file will be periodically updated.

Beussi, L. (2005). Analysing the technological history of the Open Source Phenomenon: Stories from the Free Software Evolution, School of Communication, Department of Economics, University of Turin : 37.
Bitzer, J., W. Schrettl, et al. (September, 2004). Intrinsic Motivation in Open Source Software Development, Free University Berlin, Aarhus School of Business : 29.
Bonaccorsi, A. and C. Rossi (August, 2003). Altruistic individuals, selfish firms? The structure of motivation in Open Source software, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Institute for Informatics and Telematics : 6.
Bonaccorsi, A. and C. Rossi (2003). “Why Open Source software can succeed.” Research Policy 32(7): 1243-1258.
Bosco, G. (2004). Implicit theories of “good leadership” in the open-source community. Department of Manufacturing, Engineering and Management , Technical University of Denmark. Master in Economy and Business Administration: 93.
Butler, B., L. Sproull, et al. (February, 2002). Community Effort in Online Groups? Who Does the Work and Why?, University of Pittsburg, New York University, CMU: 32.
Chance, T. (August, 2005). The Hacker Ethic and Meaningful Work, University of Reading: 38.
Christley, S. (2005). Understanding the Open Source Software Community with Simulation and Social Analysis. 3rd Lake Arrowhead Conference on Human Complex Systems, Lake Arrowhead, CA.
Christley, S., J. Xu, et al. (2004). Public Goods Theory of the Open Source Development Community. Agent2004, Chicago, IL.
Coleman, B. and B. M. Hill (October, 2004). How Free Become Open and Everything Else Under the Sun, Software in the Public Interest, University of Chicago: 10.
Cooksey, R. (2005). I Walk the Open Road: Toward an Open Source Philosophy. The European Graduate School
Division of Media and Communications, University of South Florida and European Graduate. Master: 53.
Crowston, K. and J. Howison (November, 2004). The social structure of Free and Open Source software development, Syracuse University: 21.
Cusumano, M., C. Shirky, et al., Eds. (2005). Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, The MIT Press.
Dafermos, G. (2001). Management and Virtual Decentralized Networks: The Linux Project, Durham Business School. MA in Management: 93.
Dalle, J.-M. and P. A. David (2003). The Allocation of Software Development Resources in ‘Open Source’ Production Mode: 39.
Dalle, J.-M., P. A. David, et al. (2004). Advancing Economic Research on the Free and Open Source Software Mode of Production. SIEPR (STANFORD INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC POLICY RESEARCH) Discussion Paper No. 04-03.
Daniel, S. (2005). “Social Status in an Open-Source Community.” American Sociological Review 70(5): 823.
Daniel, S. (2005). “Social Status in an Open-Source Community.” American Sociological Review 70(5): 823.
Daniel, S. (2005). “Social Status in an Open-Source Community.” American Sociological Review 70(5): 823.
de Souuza, C., J. Froehlich, et al. (2005). Seeking the source: Software source code as a social and technical artifact, Universidade Federal do Par.
Demil, B. and X. Lecocq (September, 2003). Neither market or hierarchy or network: The emerging bazaar governance, Université Lille/Institut d’Administration des Entreprises: 36.
Dibona, C., D. Cooper, et al. (2005). Open Sources 2.0, O’Reilly Media.
Dibona, C., S. Ockman, et al., Eds. (1999). Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution, O’Reilly Media.
Ducheneaut, N. (2005). “Socialization in an Open Source Software Community: A Socio-Technical Analysis.” Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) 14(4): 323-368.
Economides, N. and E. Katsamakas (2005). Two-sided competition of proprietary vs. open source technology platforms and the implications for the software industry, NYU Stern & Fordham University: 35.
Elliott, M. and W. Scacchi (May, 2004). Mobilization of Software Developers: The Free Software Movement, University of California, Irvine.
Elliott, M. W. S. (April, 2003). Free Software Development: A Case Study of Software Development in a Virtual Organizational Culture, University of California, Irvine: 73.
Escher, T. (2004). Political Motives of Developers for Collaboration on GNU/Linux. Centre for Mass Communication Research, University of Leicester & Freie University Berlin. MA (Globalization and Communications): 94.
Fink, M. (2002). The Business and Economics of Linux and Open Source , Prentice Hall PTR.
Fleming, L. and D. Waguespack (April, 2005). Penguins, Camels, and Other Birds of a Feather: Brokerage, Boundary Spanning, and Leadership in Open Innovation Communities, HBS, SUNY-Buffalo : 60.
Fogel, K. F. (2005). Producing Open Source Software: How to Run a Successful Free Software Project, O’Reilly Media.
Franck, E. and C. Jungwirth (June, 2002). Reconciling investors and donators – The governance structure of open source University of Zurich: 24.
Franke, N. and E. von Hippel (2003). “Satisfying Heterogeneous User Needs via Innovation Toolkits: The Case of Apache Security Software.” Research Policy 32(7): 1199-1215.
Frost, J. (May, 2005). Some Economic & Legal Aspects of Open Source Software, University of Washington: 44.
Gallivan, M. J. (2001). “Striking a balance between trust and control in a virtual organization: a content analysis of open source software case studies.” Information Systems Journal 11(4): 277-304.
Gao, Y. (2003). Topology and Evolution of the Open Source Software Community. Graduate School
University of Notre Dame. Master of Science: 116.
Gao, Y., V. Freeh, et al. (2003). Analysis and Modeling of the Open Source Software Community. Annual Conference of the North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science (NAACSOS), Omni William Penn, Pittsburgh, PA.
Gao, Y., V. Freeh, et al. (2003). Modeling and Simulation of the OSS Community. Seventh Annual Swarm Researchers Meeting (Swarm2003). Notre Dame, IN.
Gao, Y., Y. Huang, et al. (2004). Data Mining Project History in Open Source Software Communities. Annual Conference of the North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science (NAACSOS), Pittsburgh PA
Gao, Y. and G. Madey (2005). Project Development Analysis of the OSS Community Using ST Mining. Annual Conference of the North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science (NAACSOS), Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.
Gao, Y., G. Madey, et al. (2005). Modeling and Simulation of the Open Source Software Community. Agent-Directed Simulation Conference, San Diego, CA.
Golden, B. (2004). Succeeding with Open Source, Addison-Wesley Professional.
Goldman, R. and R. P. Gabriel (2005). Innovation Happens Elsewhere: Open Source as Business Strategy, Morgan Kaufmann.
González-Barahona, J. M., L. López, et al. (June, 2004). Community structure of modules in the Apache project, Grupo de Sistemas y Comunicaciones, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos: 5.
Gozukeles, I. I. (July, 2006). Free and open source software hackers in Turkey : 46.
Greenberg, R. (2003). Open Source Software Development. Department of Economics, University of Michigan/Brandeis University. Undergrad: 105.
Healy, K. and A. Schussman (January, 2003). The Ecology of Open Source Software Development, University of Arizona: 24.
Helander, N. and H. Martin-Vahvanen (2006). Multidisciplinary views to open source software business. Tampere eBRC Research Reports 33 : 61.
Hemetsberger, A. (2001). Fostering cooperation on the Internet: social exchange processes in innovative virtual consumer communities. The Annual ACR (Association for Consumer Research) Conference . Austin, Texas.
Hemetsberger, A. (2002). Understanding consumers’ collective action on the Internet – a definition and discussion of relevant concepts for research. The Annual ACR (Association for Consumer Research) Conference . Atlanta, Georgia.
Hemetsberger, A. and R. Pieters (2001). When Consumers Produce on the Internet: An Inquiry into Motivational Sources of Contribution to Joint-Innovation. the Fourth International Research Seminar on Marketing Communications and Consumer Behavior, La Londe.
Hemetsberger, A. and C. Reinhardt (2004). Sharing and Creating Knowledge in Open-Source Communities The case of KDE The Fifth European Conference on Organizational Knowledge, Learning, and Capabilities . Innsbruck, Austria.
Hemetsberger, A. and C. Reinhardt (2006). “Learning and Knowledge-building in Open-source Communities: A Social-experiential Approach.” Management Learning 37(2): 187-214.
Hertel, G., S. Niedner, et al. (2003). “Motivation of software developers in Open Source projects: an Internet-based survey of contributors to the Linux kernel “ Research Policy: Open Source Software Development 32(7): 1159-1177.
Iannacci, F. (2002). “The Economics of Open Source Networks.” Communications & Strategies 48(4).
Iannacci, F. (2005). The Social Epistemology of Open Source Software Development: The Linux Case Study. Department of Information Systems . London, London School of Economics and Political Science. Doctor of Philosophy in Information Systems: 248.
Iannaci, F. (April, 2005). Coordination Processes in Open Source Software Development: The Linux Case Study, London School of Economics : 17.
Kelty, C. M., Ed. (2004). Social Thought and Commentary: Culture’s Open Source . Anthropological Quarterly.
Kim, E. E. (April, 2003). An Introduction to Open Source Communities, Blue Oxen Associates: 20.
Koch, S., Ed. (2005). Free/Open Source Software Development, Idea Group Publishing.
Kogut, B. and A. Meitu (2000). The Emergence of E-Innovation: Insights from Open Source Software Development. A Working Paper of the Reginald H. Jones Center, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania : 33.
Kogut, B. and A. Metiu (2001). “Open-source software development and distributed innovation.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 17(2): 248.
Krishnamurthy, S. (May, 2002). Cave or Community? An Empirical Examination of 100 Mature Open Source Projects, University of Washington : 10.
Krishnamurthy, S. (January, 2005). The Launching of Mozilla Firefox – A Case Study in Community-Led Marketing, University of Washington : 38.
Lancahire, D. (2001) “Code, Culture and Cash: The Fading Altruism of Open Source Development.” FirstMonday Volume, DOI:
Lanzara, G. R. and M. Morner (2003). The Knowledge Ecology of Open-Source Software Projects. 19th European Group of Organizational Studies (EGOS) Colloquium. Copenhagen.
Lattemann, C. and S. Stieglitz (2005). Framework for Governance in Open Source Communities. the 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS’05) – Track 7 Hawaii.
Lee, J.-F. and T.-Y. Chan (March, 2004). Theory Development for Organizational Platform of User Collaboration Innovation Community, National Cheng Chi University of Technology & Innovation Management, Taiwan: 34.
Lerner, J. and J. Tirole (December, 2004). The Economics of Technology Sharing: Open Source and Beyond, Harvard Business School, University of Toulouse : 43.
Lin, Y. (2004). Epistemologically Multiple Actor-Centred System: or EMACS at Work! the 3rd Oekonux Conference. Vienna, Austria.
Lin, Y. (March, 2005). Gender issues in the FLOSS development, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam / University of York: 10.
Lin, Y. (2004). Hacking Practices and Software Development: A Social Worlds Analysis of ICT Innovation and the Role of Free/Libre Open Source Software. Science and Technology Studies Unit, Department of Sociology , University of York, UK. PhD in Sociology: 318.
Lin, Y. W. (2006). “Hybrid innovation: The dynamics of collaboration between the FLOSS community and corporations.” Knowledge, Techonology, and Policy 18(4): 86-100.
Lin, Y. W. (August, 2005). A Techno-Feminist Perspective on the Free/Libre Open Source Software Development Department of Information Systems and Logistics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam: 9.
Lin, Y. W. and E. Zini (August, 2006). An Empirical Study on Implementing FLOSS in Schools, National Centre for E-Social Science, University of Manchester : 11.
Locke, J. (2004). Open Source Solutions For Small Business Problems Charles River Media.
Lopez-Fernandez, L., G. Robles, et al. (June, 2004). Applying Social Network Analysis to the Information in CVS Repositories, GSyC, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain: 5.
Luthiger Stoll, B. (2005). Fun and Software Development. the First International Conference on Open Source Systems, Genova, ETH Zurich.
Madey, G., V. Freeh, et al. (2002). Agent-Based Modeling of Open Source using Swarm. Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS2002), Dallas, TX.
Madey, G., V. Freeh, et al. (2002). The Open Source Software Development Phenomenon: An Analysis Based on Social Network Theory . Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS2002), Dallas, TX.
Madey, G., V. Freeh, et al. (2002). Understanding OSS as a Self-Organizing Process. The 2nd Workshop on Open Source Software Engineering at the 24th International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE2002) . Orlando, FL.
Madey, G., V. Freeh, et al., Eds. (2004). Modeling the free/open source software community: A quantitative investigation. Free/Open Source Software Development, Idea Publishing.
Madey, G., V. Freeh, et al. (2003). An Analysis of Open Source Software Development Using Social Network Theory and Agent-Based Modeling . The 2nd Lake Arrowhead Conference on Human Complex Systems, Lake Arrowhead, CA, USA.
Maggioni, M. A. (2002). “Open source software communities and industrial districts: a useful comparison?” Retrieved 3rd, November, 2006, from http:
McLaughlin, D. (2001). Opening The Code: Software Excellence As A Function Of Its Development Environment Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Georgetown University. Master of Arts in Communication, Culture, and Technology: 152.
Meyer, P. (August, 2003). Episodes of Collective Invention, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Bureau of Labor Statistics: 32.
Muffatto, M. and M. Faldani (2003). “Open Source as a Complex Adaptive System.” Emergence: Complexity and Organization 5(3): 83-100.
O’Mahony, S. and F. Ferraro (2004). Hacking Alone? The Effects of Online and Offline Participation on Open Source Community Leadership : 32.
O’Mahony, S. (2003). “Guarding the commons: how community managed software projects protect their work.” Research Policy 32(7): 1179-1198
Osterloh, M., S. Rota, et al. (November, 2002). Open Source Software Production: Climbing on the Shoulders of Giants, University of Zurich : 34.
Pedersen, S. T. (June, 2002). Open Source and the Network Society University of Aarhus, Denmark: 27.
Preece, J., D. Maloney-Krichmar, et al. (2003). History and emergence of online communities. Encyclopedia of Community. B. Wellman, Berkshire Publishing Group, Sage: 11.
Prufer, J. (January, 2004). Network Formation via Contests: The Production Process of Open Source Software, J.W. Goethe-University Frankfurt/Main : 29.
Raymond, E. S. (2001). Cathedral and the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary, O’Reilly Media.
Reagle, J. (December, 2003). Socialization in Open Technical Communities, NYU.
Roberts, J. (2006). Limits to Communities of Practice. 43: 623-639.
Rossi, C. and A. Bonaccorsi (2005). Intrinsic motivations and profit-oriented firms in Open Source software. Do firms practise what they preach?, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, University of Pisa: 32.
Rossi, M. A. (April, 2004). Decoding the “Free/Open Source (F/OSS) Puzzle” – a Survey ofTheretical and Empirical Contributions, University of Sienna : 42.
Rullani, F. (2005). The debate and the community: The reflexive identity concept and the FLOSS community case Santa’Ann School of Advanced Studies : 32.
Shah, S. (2005). Open Beyond Software. Open Sources 2. D. Cooper, C. DiBona and M. Stone. Sebastopol, CA., O’Reilly Media: 28.
Shah, S. (June, 2003). Understanding the Nature of Participation & Coordination in Open and Gated Source Software Development Communities, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champign: 64.
Stallman, R. M., L. Lessig, et al., Eds. (2002). Free Software, Free Society: Selected Essays of Richard M. Stallman, Free Software Foundation.
Stewart, D. (April, 2004). Social Forces and Constraint in the Attainment of Community Status, Washington State University : 56.
Stewart, D. (2005). “Social Status in an Open-Source Community.” American Sociological Review 70(5): 823 – 842.
Stewart, K. J. and S. Gosain (2006). “The Impact of Ideology on Effectiveness in Open Source Software Development Teams “ MIS Quarterly 30(2): 291-314.
Stürmer, M. (2005). Open Source Community Building. Faculty of Economics and Social Science, University of Bern. Lic Diploma: 153.
Syme, S. and L. J. Camp (2002). The Governance of Code: Open Land vs. UCITA Land. Computers and Society Magazine. 32.
te Meerman, S. (2003). Puzzling with a top-down Blueprint and a bottom-up Network: An explorative analysis of the Open Source World using ITIL and Social Network Analysis. Department of Sociology, University of Groningen. Master in Sociology: 48.
Tuomi, I. (2000). Internet Innovation and Open Source: Actors in the Network. the Association of Internet Researchers Conference . Lawrence, Kansas.
Ulhøi, J. P. (2004). “Open source development: a hybrid in innovation and management theory.” Management Decision 42(9): 1095-1114.
Valverde, S., G. Theraulaz, et al. (2003). “Emergent behavior in agent networks: Self-Organization in Wasp and Open Source Communities.” Retrieved 04 11/2006, from
Viegas, F., M. Wattenberg, et al. (2004). Studying Cooperation and Conflict between Authors with history flow Visualizations. CHI2004, the premier international conference for human-computer interaction, Vienna, Austria.
von Hippel, E. (2005). Democratizing Innovation. Cambridge, Massachusetts; London, England, The MIT Press.
von Hippel, E. and G. von Krogh (2003). “Open source software and the“Private-Collective” innovation model: Issues for organization science.” Organization Science 14(2): 209-223.
von Krogh, G., S. Spaeth, et al. (2003). “Community, joining, and specialization in open source software innovation: a case study.” Research Policy 32(7): 1217-1241.
von Krogh, G. and E. von Hippel (2003). “Special issue on open source software development.” Research Policy 32(7): 1149-1157
Watson, A. (2005). Reputation in Open Source, College of Business Administration
Northeastern University: 30.
Weber, S. (2005). The Success of Open Source, Harvard University Press.
West, J. (2003). “How open is open enough? Melding proprietary and open source platform strategies “ Research Policy 32(7): 1259-1285.
Williams, S. (2002). Free as in Freedom: Richard Stallman’s Crusade for Free Software, O’Reilly Media.
Woods, D. and G. Guliani (2005). Open Source for the Enterprise: Managing Risks Reaping Rewards, O’Reilly Media.
Wynants, M. and J. Cornelis, Eds. (2005). How Open is the Future? Economic, Social & Cultural Scenarios inspired by Free & Open-Source Software . Brussels, Belgium, VUB Brussels University Press.
Xu, J., S. Christley, et al. (2005). The Open Source Software Community Structure . Annual Conference of the North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science (NAACSOS) Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.
Xu, J., Y. Gao, et al. (2005). A Topological Analysis of the Open Source Software Development Community. The 38th Hawaii International Conference on Systems Science (HICSS-38), Hawaii.
Xu, J. and G. Madey (2004). Exploration of the Open Source Software Community . Annual Conference of the North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science (NAACSOS), Pittsburgh PA
Young, T. (2004). The Social and Economic Impact of Open Source Software.
Zeitlyn, D. (2003). “Gift economies in the development of open source software: anthropological reflections.” Research Policy 32(7): 1287-1291



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